Fundamental analysis

Learn how stock and options trading works along with the important basic definitions. Explore the professional content and get ready to start trading! Learn everything about technical analysis, options, bonds, and fundamental analysis!

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Fundamental analysis

Market indicators

Profitability indicators

Efficiency indicators

Leverage indicators

With the help of the following leverage ratios (also called debt ratios), the firm’s reliance on debt financing can be assessed.

Leverage indicators:

  • Liabilities-to-equity ratio
  • Interest coverage

Liabilities-to-equity ratio

Liabilities-equity ratio indicates the proportion of debt financing and equity financing. It shows whether the firm is indebted. It is calculated as the total liabilities (both short- and long-term) divided by the total equity.

Interest coverage

This ratio shows the ease with which the firm can meet its interest payments: the euro amount of Earnings Before Interest and Tax (EBIT) available for each euro of required interest payment. It indicates the degree of risk associated with the firm’s debt policy.

Liquidity indicators

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Trading Guides


25 indicators. Find the indicators matching Your strategy and learn their trading signals through examples!

Candlestick patterns

88 candlestick patterns. Increase Your profit by recognising candlestick patterns and analysing the market with their help.

Chart patterns

31 chart patterns. Recognise triangles and breakouts, calculate the target prices defined by them.

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